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Family planning : Modern & Traditional Contraceptive method, Benefits of planning

In quarantine period most of the people get more time to spend with their family and this period sometimes can describe as a natural gift fo...

In quarantine period most of the people get more time to spend with their family and this period sometimes can describe as a natural gift for people to get away from their complex lifestyle. So it is a right time to think and learn about family planning while you are spending more time with your family.

Family planning allows individual to determine number of children, spacing of their children and to select the means by which they may be achieved. It is achieved through contraceptive methods and the treatment of infertility. Mainly these factors are influenced by financial ability, marital status, career life and any other disabilities that may affect to have children or raise their children.

Now a day you can easily access to the family planning through the midwives and other trained health workers(Hospitals, clinics, Health centers, pharmacies and drug shops). They will help you to access locally acceptable and available contraceptive methods and provide counselling and other family planning methods (ex-Condoms).

Modern and Traditional method of family planning / Contraceptive methods

It is true that we are using both traditional method and modern method to prevent unintended pregnancy. There are number of methods and now we are we are going to list down few of them.

Modern Method

Regarding to the modern methods of contraception, The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) revealed that, “Contraceptives prevent unintended pregnancies, reduce the number of abortions, and lower the incidence of death and disability related to complications of pregnancy and childbirth.” Also they state that, “If all women with an unmet need for contraceptives were able to use modern methods, an additional 24 million abortions (14 million of which would be unsafe), 6 million miscarriages, 70,000 maternal deaths and 500,000 infant deaths would be prevented.

01– Male condom – is a thin film cover that is placed over the penis.

02– Female condom – is a thin pouch that can inserted into the vagina.

03– Male sterilization – is a procedure performed on a man that will keep him from being able to get a women pregnant.

04– Female sterilization – this will permanently prevent a woman from becoming pregnant.

05– Intrauterine device – is a Small device (T Shape) that is placed in the uterus by a trained health care professional to prevent pregnancy.

06– Two-day method – this method is based on observation of cervical secretions to indicate fertility.

07– Sympto-thermal Method – is a fertility awareness method used to predict when a woman may be fertile.

08– Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Method – this is a method of taking body temperature at the same time each morning before getting out of bed. After a woman ovulates, her body temperature rises slightly.

09– Standard Days Method – this is also a fertility awareness based method. It identifies a fixed fertile window in a women’s menstrual cycle and see which days they are likely to get pregnant.

10– Emergency contraception pills – these are the pills that can be taken to prevent pregnancy up to 120 hours’ after unprotected sex.

11 – Combined oral contraceptives pill – Often called as a birth control pill. The pill contains estrogen and a progestogen and designed to be taken orally by women.

12 – Implants – A tiny flexible rods or capsules insert into your arm by a doctor or nurse. it releases hormones into the body that prevent pregnancy.

Traditional Method

01 – Withdrawal – Man can withdraw (pull out) his penis from the vagina before ejaculation (Cumming).it is necessary to keep semen away from her external genitalia.

02 – Rhythm method – woman need to track her menstrual history to predict when her will ovulate. This is also referred to as calendar method.

However, around the world still some people are not using modern Contraceptive method for avoid pregnancy. here are some reasons for why

  • Lack of contraceptive services
  • Poor quality of available services
  • Concerned about side effect – ex menstrual disruption
  • Risk of social, cultural and religious disapproval
  • Cost of access
  • Gender-based barriers

Benefits of family planning

 Reduce and prevent health problem related in pregnancy.

By allowing woman to decide number of children, spacing of their children and to select the means by which they may be achieved, they (young and elder women) may be able to reduce health problem, unintended pregnancies and even death from early childbearing. Also it helps to prevent unsafe abortion.

 Helping to prevent HIV/AIDS

Male and female condoms provide protection against unintended pregnancies and HIV.

 Can prevent adolescent pregnancies.
 Allow enough time to provide love and attention to the family.
 Can achieve Personal growth, advancement and education
 Prevent ill-timed pregnancies and infant mortality

Sources –

World Health Organization. Family planning/Contraception 8 February 2018.

World Health Organization. (n.d.). Sexual and Reproductive Health. Retrieved on 30 October 2019.

“National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System Glossary”. Administration for Children & Families. 2000. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
United Nations Population Fund. “Family planning”. Retrieved 6 March 2018

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