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Breast cancers can prevent – Things you should know

As the name suggests it’s a cancer in the breast of a person. In past only female species were observed effected by this disease but in the...

As the name suggests it’s a cancer in the breast of a person. In past only female species were observed effected by this disease but in the recent years it is found that some of the males get breast cancers too, but it is much rarer. This disease is generally seen among matured women. It may develop in breast cells. The cancer forms in either the lobules or the ducts of the breast. Lobules produces milk and the ducts are the pathways that bring the produce milk to nipple.

Symptoms – 

Each type of breast cancer can cause a range of symptoms, and these symptoms can appear differently in different people and here we discuss most common breast cancers symptoms

01 – Breast pain
02 – Red, pitted skin over your entire breast
03 – A nipple discharge other than breast milk
04 – Bloody discharge from your nipple
05 – Inverted nipple
06 – A lump or Swelling under your arm
07 – Peeling, scaling or flaking of skin on your nipple or breast
08 – Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast

Type of breast cancers – 

Mainly, we can categorize breast cancers into two, invasive and noninvasive. These two categories help to describe the most common type of breast cancers. The type of cancer you may have help to decide the treatment and the long-term outcome.

01 – Invasive

The most common type of breast cancer that spread from the breast ducts to other parts of the breast.

– Invasive ductal carcinoma
– Invasive lobular carcinoma

02 – Non-invasive

This type of cancer can be usually found during a mammogram and has not spread from the original tissue.

– Ductal carcinoma in situ
– Lobular carcinoma in situ

Less common type of breast cancers are

01 – Paget disease of the nipple
02 – Phyllodes tumor
03 – Angiosarcoma

Risk factors –

The following risk factors will increase your chances of getting breast cancers. However, having any of these doesn’t mean you will definitely develop the disease.

  • Age.

When your age increases your risk factor for developing breast cancers increase.

  • Drinking alcohol.

Alcohol : Are you a heavy or binge drinker

Excessive drinkers may increase their risk.

  • Genes.
Gene mutations affect you risk.
  • Obesity.

This will lead numbers of health issues including risk of breast cancers.

Obesity and health

  • Early menstruation.

If you had your first period before age 12, you may have increase possibility to develop breast cancers.

  • Giving birth at an older age.
  • Inherited Risk.

If a close female relative has had breast cancer, you have an increased risk.

  • Never Being pregnant.

Women who never became pregnant are more likely to develop breast cancers.

  • Hormone therapy.

Combination hormone therapy may increase the risk of breast cancer (Postmenopausal estrogen and progesterone medications to reduce signs of menopause symptoms).

  • Having dense breast tissue.

this tissue makes mammograms hard to read.

  • Radiation exposure.

If you received radiation treatments to your chest as a child or young adult, then your risk is increased.

Prevention – 

Women can reduce the risk of developing breast cancers

By maintaining a healthy weight.

Choosing healthy diet.

Increasing physical activity (Exercise). – It is found that regular exercise and physical activity can reduce the risk of breast cancer by about 14%. Regular physical activity and follow strategies to reduce obesity can also have great health benefits, like reduced risks of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Limit or reducing alcohol consumption. – You can simply reduce or limit the amount of alcohol you drink.

Breast cancer screening. – You can talk with your doctor to begin the breast cancer screening. However, Having regular mammograms may not prevent breast cancer, but it can help to reduce the odds.

Breast exam. – Women can do a self-breast examination and/or participate exams done by your doctor or other healthcare provider.

Breast cancer treatment and management

The treatment and management of breast cancer depends on several factors such as stage, person’s age, grade. If the cancer is more advance, then the treatment will be more aggressive.

* Surgery

Surgery involves the physical removal of the tumor, typically along with some of the surrounding tissue. Several types of surgery may be used to remove breast cancer

Standard surgeries include:

Mastectomy – Removal of the whole breast.
Quadrantectomy – Removal of one-quarter of the breast.
Lumpectomy – Removal of a small part of the breast.

* Chemotherapy

Most of the chemotherapy treatment used to destroy fast-growing and replicating cancer cells. However, it may destroy normal fast-growing cells which lead to occur serious side effect.

* Radiation

Radiation therapy will be delivered as external beam radiotherapy or as internal radiotherapy. The treatment is given after surgery to the region of the tumor bed and regional lymph nodes, to destroy microscopic tumor cells that may have escaped surgery.

* Hormonal therapy

Some breast cancers require estrogen to develop (estrogen receptors (ER+) and progesterone receptors (PR+)). These type of cancers can be treated with drugs that either block body’s production of these hormones or block the receptors.

Read more on NHS 

Source –

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