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Animal bites / animal attacks – Treatment & Consequences

Animal bite is a wound caused by teeth and it is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The health impact of animal bite ...

Animal bite is a wound caused by teeth and it is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The health impact of animal bite is depending on several factors like health and size of animal and the bitten person, type of animal and accessibility to health care services.

Domestic animals such as cats and dogs, are responsible for the majority of animal attacks. As well as wild animal like snakes and monkeys shows significant number of attacks every year, Specially in Africa and South-East Asia. The major reasons for wild animal attacks are sick, protecting their young or feel threatened.

Dog bites

Each year, Dog bite affect tens of millions of people injuries globally. It is estimated that around 4.5 million of people in the united states of America, are bitten by dog every year. Most of the time dog bite increase because of the human actions like neglect, control, fight training and carelessness in confinement.

Dog bites result in injuries and they may also result in infection, disfigurement, temporary or permanent disability, or death. It is estimated that around 57000 people die annually from rabies and most of the cases because of dog bites.

Recommendations to prevent Dog bites

There are number of recommendations to prevent dog bites, here are few

  • Don’t pet, handle or feed unknown dogs
  • Not running from a dog
  • Not panic or make loud noises
  • Don’t disturb a dog that is caring of their babies.
  • Don’t disturb the dog when it is eating
  • Go away if it is ill
  • Avoid face to face interaction with the dog
  • Don’t retrieve object from the dogs
  • Care children closely around dog
  • Vaccinate your dogs against rabies

We can prevent serious injuries by cleaning and closure of wound and getting medical treatment as soon as possible.

Cats bite

Normally, cat bites are bringing minor injuries to the people but can result in serious infections sometimes. Bites from cats make more risk of infection than dog bites, since the cats teeth are sharp, pointed and a wound can be small as well as deep. This prevent cleaning of the wound and a small and deep wound can trap bacteria inside.

Recommendations to prevent cat bites

Here are few recommendations

  • Don’t pet, handle or feed unknown cats
  • Vaccinate your cats against rabies
  • Stop rough touching and playing
  • Care children closely around cats

Immediately washing the wound with water and soap and seek for medical treatment.

Snake bite

Snakes tend to bite as a mean of protection or hunting purpose. Every year around the world more than 5 million of people are bitten by snakes, especially venomous snakes which cause around 94,000 to 125,000 deaths. A major and most common symptom of snake bite is the presence of two puncture wounds from the snake’s fangs.

Recommendations to prevent snakes bite
  • Leave snakes alone
  • Wear boots and long pants when you are in areas with venomous snakes
  • Not going to areas where snakes live
  • Not handling snakes
  • Apply pest control treatment
  • Clean your house area

It is difficult to determine whether or not a bite by any snake is life-threatening. So seek medical treatment is a good decision. The health impact of snake bite depends on several factors such as Size, physical conditions and temperature of the snake, how much venom injected, how long will it take to find medical treatment and the quality of the treatment and the age and physical condition of the bitten person.

Raccoon bite

Raccoon is also considered as one of the main carrier of the rabies virus in the united states. It is unusual for a raccoon to attack human but they will do sometimes to protect their babies or their life.

Recommendations to prevent Raccoon bite
  • Never try to feed them
  • Don’t try to pet them
  • Avoid contact with raccoon
  • Don’t put food on the house garden
  • Dispose garbage properly

wash the wound with water and soap and seek for medical treatment immediately.

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Sources – WHO website

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